The Impact of Knowledge Management Practices on NPP Organizational Performance - Results of a Global Survey
IAEA-TECDOC-1711, ISBN:978-92-0-143110-3, 2013
|Nuclear power plant (NPP) organizations have been dealing with knowledge management (KM) related issues and knowledge processes from the outset. However, while some NPPs have adopted KM practices and have been proactive in implementing strategic company-wide KM programmes, many other NPPs do not view or manage these activities from a strategic KM perspective, nor yet see any need to do so. While the concepts of KM are beginning to be understood in the nuclear industry, they have yet to be widely applied and the benefits are difficult to measure. There has been little prior research on KM in NPP organizations.
This report summarizes the results of empirical research that directly investigated the relationship between KM practices in NPPs, their impact on the quality of organizational knowledge processes, and the resulting effects on NPP organizational effectiveness. It presents the basic findings of the IAEA Global KM Survey of NPPs conducted in 2010.
Nuclear Engineering Education:
A Competence-based Approach in Curricula Development
Nuclear Energy Series No.NG-T-6.4, 2013 (Approved by the Publication Committee)
|Maintaining nuclear competencies in the nuclear industry and nuclear regulatory authorities will be one of the most critical challenges in the near future. With the recent upsurge in interest in, and support for, nuclear power, many Member States (MS) are considering the introduction of Nuclear Power as part of their national energy strategy; other countries are entering the decommissioning phase or/and considering expansion of existing fleets of nuclear power plants (NPP). Both approaches require careful planning, preparation and investment in time and human resources. Of principal importance is the availability of a well-prepared competent workforce to operate and regulate nuclear facilities. The management of nuclear knowledge in these countries and the development of the human resources are fundamental pre-requisites to the safe and secure operation of nuclear reactors. To meet this challenge, many countries are establishing nuclear engineering educational programs to graduate competent engineers to work in nuclear power.
The present report presents the established practices and associated requirements and benchmarking criteria for nuclear education programmes and its evaluation and provides guidance to decision makers in Member States on a competence-based approach in development of curricula in nuclear engineering and could be useful for benchmarking, improvements and formulation of strategies, particularly for newcomer countries.
Knowledge Management for Nuclear Research and Development Organizations
IAEA-TECDOC-1675, ISBN 978-92-0-125510-5, 2012
|This publication elaborates on the role of nuclear knowledge management in a research and development (R&D) context, and on the importance of facilitating innovation and future development of nuclear technologies for nuclear power, its associated fuel cycles and nuclear applications in medicine, industry and agriculture. It highlights aspects including transferring and preserving knowledge, exchanging information, establishing and supporting cooperative networks, and training the next generation of nuclear experts. It concludes with basic concepts, trends and key drivers for nuclear knowledge management to R&D project managers and other workers from nuclear R&D organizations.
Comparative Analysis of Methods and Tools for Nuclear Knowledge Preservation
Nuclear Energy Series No.NG-T-6.7 STI/PUB/1494, ISBN 978-92-0-113610-7, 2011
|This publication draws on the results of a coordinated research project (CRP) on comparative analysis of methods and tools for knowledge preservation in nuclear organizations. The CRP was initiated by the IAEA in order to enhance the capacity of Member States to maintain and preserve the information and knowledge resources related to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The project participants explored methods and tools used to capture, interpret, analyse and disseminate data and information, as well as the knowledge ultimately derived from them. Furthermore, a survey tool on the current status of knowledge preservation in nuclear and supporting organizations was developed. The analysis of the survey served as a basis for the recommendations and conclusions on good practices in knowledge preservation.
Workforce Planning for New Nuclear Power Programmes
Nuclear Energy Series No.NG-T-3.10 STI/PUB/1477, ISBN:978-92-0-109910-5, 2011
|The nuclear power field, comprising industry, government authorities, regulators, research and development organizations and educational institutions, relies for its continued success on a specialized, highly trained and motivated workforce. The aim of the present publication is to provide information on the use of integrated workforce planning as a tool to effectively develop these resources for the spectrum of organizations that have a stake in nuclear power programmes. It is based on the framework contained in the IAEA publication, Milestones in the Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power, and addresses the workforce requirements for each of the three phases, focusing on three main organizational entities (NEPIO, regulatory body and operating organization) and their responsibilities in relation to each of the 19 Infrastructure issues. It also includes actual case studies to illustrate how other Member States have implemented or are implementing their first nuclear energy programme.
Status and Trends in Nuclear Education
Nuclear Energy Series No.NG-T-6.1 STI/PUB/1475, ISBN:978-92-0-109010-2, 2011
|The development of policies and strategies in nuclear education plays an essential role with regard to facilitating sustainable education and training in nuclear science and technology. This publication supports the development of such policies and strategies. In its first part it provides a general overview of activities regarding nuclear knowledge management, nuclear education, and national and regional needs and expectations. The second part presents detailed country reports on the status of nuclear education in Member States. These country reports also address partnerships between educational institutions and the nuclear industry, as well as cooperation with government and research organizations. Best practices in nuclear education and recommendations are consolidated in an introductory chapter, which could be useful for easy benchmarking, improvements and formulating strategies.
Nuclear Knowledge Preservation in CIS-Countries: Current Status and Relevant Suggestions
Working material C.3-2009/1, December 2009
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) has been a part of a larger nuclear knowledge community within the former USSR. Now these states have a lot in common in terms of nuclear energy industry and especially nuclear knowledge management. A peculiar feature of the present situation is that the significant amount of scientific texts and normative documents available only in Russian. Given this fact this publication has been jointly developed by the CIS Commission for Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy and IAEA. The purpose of the report is to provide information to organizations and experts working in the field of NKM on common approaches and possible solutions in preserving nuclear knowledge in the CIS countries and to develop recommendations on regional cooperation in the subject area.
Fast Reactor Knowledge Preservation System: Taxonomy and Basic Requirements
Nuclear Energy Series No.NG-T-6.3 STI/PUB/1320 , ISBN:978-92-0-100708-7, January 2008
As part of an initiative to preserve knowledge in the area of fast reactors, the purpose of this publication is to develop a taxonomy of the Fast Reactor Knowledge Preservation System (FRKPS) that will preserve the world’s knowledge base in this area. The publication identifies basic requirements of this taxonomy on the basis of experience gained. The need for such taxonomy arises from the fact that during the past 15 years there has been stagnation in the development of fast reactors in many countries that were formerly involved in intensive development. Many specialists who were involved in the studies and development work have already retired or are coming close to retirement. In other countries that are still actively pursuing the evolution of fast reactor technology, the lack of young scientists and engineers moving into this branch of nuclear power is a critical issue.
Planning and Execution of Knowledge Management Assist Missions for Nuclear Organizations
IAEA TECDOC Series No.1586, ISBN 978-92-0-103908-8, November 2008.
As a result of the widening knowledge gap in the nuclear industry and related organizations, the IAEA is developing a series of guidance documents on knowledge management. This publication represents one such activity and provides general guidance as to the nature of the knowledge management mission and the means by which its goals are to be achieved and executed.
Development of Knowledge Portals for Nuclear Power Plants
Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-T-6.2 STI/PUB/1377, ISBN 978-92-0-113008-2, January 2008
|This publication supports earlier IAEA publications on knowledge management in proposing guidelines for the development of a knowledge portal for nuclear power plants (NPPs) and covers the main design principles and the typical content of such a knowledge portal. The information provided is based upon actual experiences of NPP operating organizations in Member States as well as of other related industries.
Web Harvesting for Nuclear Knowledge Preservation
Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-T-6.6 STI/PUB/1314, ISBN 978�92�0�111207�1, January 2008
This publication provides general information and examples based upon experience in Member States on web harvesting in the context of knowledge preservation in the nuclear field, contemporary activities in the domain of web harvesting, document archiving and Internet access technology to obtain a contemporary technology overview. Several aspects of possible web harvesting methodologies are presented in some detail, which can also serve as a basis for establishing future cooperation. Full Text
Liquid Metal Cooled Reactors: Experience in Design and Operation
IAEA TECDOC CD Series No. 1569, ISBN 978-92-0-152208-5, December 2007
|The IAEA is maintaining and increasing the present knowledge and expertise in fast reactor science and technology, and developing a comprehensive international inventory of fast reactor data and knowledge within the framework of the Department of Nuclear Energy�s Technical Working Group on Fast Reactors (TWG-FR).
This publication contributes toward the IAEA activity to preserve the knowledge gained in the technology development for liquid metal cooled fast reactors (LMFR). The technology development and experience include aspects addressing not only experimental and demonstration reactors, but also all activities from reactor construction to decommissioning. This publication provides a survey of worldwide experience gained over the past five decades in LMFR development, design, operation and decommissioning, which has been accumulated through the IAEA programmes carried out within the framework of the TWG-FR and the INIS and Nuclear Knowledge Management Section.
The World Nuclear University: New Partnership in Nuclear Education
IAEA-WNU, July 2007
World Nuclear University (WNU) is a new partnership that addresses nuclear education in an innovative, unique and international way: through a worldwide network of established institutions, the WNU seeks to promote both academic excellence and high professional ethics. WNU offers new forms of co-operation for nuclear education, in particular through allowing for joint and integrated efforts of all stakeholders: universities, industry and the international nuclear community. Among WNU activities, the Summer Institute � as an academy for future leaders in nuclear science and technology � is currently at the most advanced stage. The Summer Institute is open for a select group of graduate students and young professionals drawn from all over the world. The uniqueness of the WNU SI is in the fact that it is a global policy initiative rather than an educational event. The technical document gives an overview of the history of the development of the World Nuclear University and related IAEA activities and contains an analysis and recommendations from the first WNU Summer Institute, held in 2005 in the USA.
Asian Network for Education in Nuclear Technology (ANENT): IAEA Activities and International Coordination
IAEA-ANENT, July 2007
This publication describes the Asian Network for Education in Nuclear Technology (ANENT) including its purposes, activities, and results since its establishment in 2004. The book and attached CD-ROM will help to promote better understanding of ANENT as a unique and meaningful activity which the IAEA is undertaking to address the need for nuclear education and training in Asia. Full Text
Fast Reactor Database 2006 Update
IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1531
The fast reactor database (FRDB) summarized in this report is very detailed with each liquid metal cooled fast reactor (LMFR) power plant being characterized by about 500 items. It includes operational parameters, physical, hydraulic and thermomechanical characteristics, technological requirements and methods and criteria to ensure safe operation. It also covers design data such as dimensions, materials information and main design features and performance parameters of reactor cores, components and various systems, along with sketches and drawings. The database setup makes it possible not only to easily find the required parameter of a certain reactor, but also to compare it with that of the other reactors. The FRDB includes data on 37 fast reactor plants, their thermal power ranging from 10 to 4000 MW. Thirty-one reactors out of 37 are connected to steam turbine generators of 12 to 1800 MW electric power. It is hoped that this reference book will allow effective design approaches for fast reactor systems and components to be reproduced and the repetition of unsuccessful design approaches to be avoided. Full Text
Managing Nuclear Knowledge: Proceedings of a Workshop held in Trieste, Italy 22-26 August 2005
IAEA Proceedings Series, 2006
Proceedings of a workshop held in Trieste, Italy, 22-26 August 2005; STI/PUB/1266, 2006 ISBN 92-0-109406-X, English 289 pp.; 41 figures; includes CD-ROM with presentations material
|The nuclear power and technology sector, comprising the industry, governments and academia, is a knowledge based endeavour similar to other highly technological industries. Recent trends, such as an ageing workforce and declining student enrolment, with the consequent risk of losing accumulated nuclear knowledge and experience, have drawn attention to the need for better management of nuclear knowledge. These Proceedings are based on a workshop on managing nuclear knowledge which was jointly organized by the IAEA, the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics and the World Nuclear University. The aim was to increase the awareness of Member States with respect to the challenge of nuclear knowledge management, to share the best practices and to provide a forum for the exchange of information among participating nuclear professionals. Full Text|
Knowledge Management for Nuclear Industry Operating Organizations
IAEA TECDOC Series No.1510, October 2006
|The purpose of this publication is to identify the fundamental elements needed for an effective knowledge management (KM) system, to share with nuclear industry operating organization managers lessons learned regarding KM, as well as providing guidance concerning methods for KM implementation. Intended as an introduction to KM approaches and practices, this document also provides guidance on improving KM practices in nuclear industry operating organizations. Senior and middle level managers of nuclear industry operating organizations will find the book provides a wealth of practical information and will be a critical resource informing their KM planning, system implementation and improvements. Full Text|
Risk Management of Knowledge Loss in Nuclear Industry Organizations
IAEA Publications STI/PUB/1248, 2006
|Maintaining nuclear competencies in the nuclear industry and nuclear regulatory authorities is a critical challenge. As many nuclear experts around the world are retiring, they are taking with them a substantial amount of knowledge and corporate memory. The loss of such employees, who hold knowledge critical to either operations or safety, poses a clear threat to the safe and reliable operation of nuclear facilities. This report is based on actual experiences of Member State operating organizations, and is intended to increase awareness of the need to develop a strategic approach and action plans to address the potential loss of critical knowledge and skills in nuclear industry organizations. Full Text in English| in Russian|
International Conference on Managing Nuclear Knowledge: Strategies and Human Resources Development
IAEA Proceedings Series, 2006
Summary of an International Conference held in Saclay, France, 7-10 September 2004; STI/PUB/1235 ISBN 92-0-110005-1
| This conference provided a forum for professionals and decision makers in the nuclear sector, comprising industry, governments and academia as well as professionals in the knowledge management and information technology sectors. The goals of the conference were: to exchange information and share experience on nuclear knowledge management, comprising strategies, information management and human resource development, and to identify lessons learned and to embark on the development of new initiatives and concepts for nuclear knowledge management in IAEA Member States. Keynote papers delivered by leading experts in the field, industrial leaders and governmental officials covered important aspects of nuclear knowledge management, and the sessions were devoted to: covering managing and preserving nuclear knowledge; managing nuclear information; human resources for the nuclear sector; and networking education and training.