Chernobyl, 26 April 1986
Key documents

 

  1. Environmental consequences of the Chernobyl accident and their remediation: Twenty years of experience. Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum Expert Group 'Environment' (EGE). Working material
    The purpose of this report is to provide an up-to-date evaluation of the environmental effects of the 26 April 1986 accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear...
  2. Environmental consequences of the Chernobyl accident and their remediation: Twenty years of experience. Report of the Chernobyl Forum Expert Group 'Environment'
    The explosion on 26 April 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which is located 100 km from Kiev in Ukraine (at that time part of the USSR),...
  3. Health effects of the Chernobyl accident and special health care programmes. Report of the UN Chernobyl Forum Expert Group 'Health' (EGH). Working draft
    This report has been prepared by three WHO expert committees convened under auspices of the Chernobyl Forum's Expert Group 'Health' (EGH), and by ...
  4. 20 years after the Chernobyl catastrophe: the consequences in the Republic of Belarus and their overcoming. National report
    In the report there were used the results of the scientific research carried out on demand of the Chernobyl committee, the data of the National ac...
  5. 20 years after the Chernobyl catastrophe: the consequences in the Republic of Belarus and their overcoming. National report.
    20 let posle Chernobyl'skoj katastrofy: posledstviya v Respublike Belarus' i ikh preodolenie. Natsional'nyj doklad

    In the report there were used the results of the scientific research carried out on demand of the Chernobyl committee, the data of the National ac...
  6. Environmental radioactivity in the soil of the Republic of Korea one decade after the Chernobyl accident
    During Chernobyl accident a large amount of radionuclides were released into atmosphere and added to atmospheric nuclide invent...
  7. Radiation incidents involving human exposure in the former USSR before and after Chernobyl
    The Chernobyl accident has changed the people representations on the degree of danger for the person of development of a nuclear...
  8. Chernobyl's legacy: Health, environmental and socio-economic impacts and recommendations to the Governments of Belarus, the Russian Federationand Ukraine. The Chernobyl Forum
    Nearly 20 years after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (NPP) accident, many questions remained unanswered regarding the health, environmental, an...
  9. Disposal of low and medium level radioactive waste in the Chernobyl exclusion zone
    The peculiarity of Chernobyl exclusion zone is the existence of constant and a lot of temporary points of radioactive waste of ...
  10. International Conference 'Twenty Years after Chernobyl Accident. Future Outlook'. Abstracts proceeding Myizhnarodna konferentsyiya 'Dvadtsyat' rokyiv Chornobil's'koyi katastrofi. Poglyad u majbutnje'. Zbyirka tez
    This conference concludes a series of events dedicated to the 20 anniversary of the Chernobyl accident and promote an effective implementation of ...
  11. Development of the complex atlas of cartographic materials for the Chernobyl exclusion zone
    Chernobyl alienated zone (ChAZ) at present and in the visible future, being potentially dangerous territory for the inhabitants...
  12. Deposition of the radiocaesium in soil at the Black Sea coastal area in Turkey after the Chernobyl accident
    It was known that some of the Black Sea region received rainfall containing radioactive material after the Chernobyl accident. ...
  13. The Chernobyl reactor accident source term: Development of a consensus view
    In August 1986, scientists from the former Soviet Union provided the nuclear safety community with an impressively detailed acc...
  14. Migration and forecast of the radioactive contamination of the soil, water and air on the territory of Belarus after the accident at the Chernobyl NPP
    The accident at the Chernobyl NPP is the largest technogenic accident of our epoch, the global consequences of which for whole ...
  15. Twenty years of the Chernobyl accident: Results and problems in eliminating its consequences in Russia 1986-2006. Russian national report
    Twenty years after the Chernobyl accident, above 1.5 million people in 14 subjects of the Russian Federation continue to live in the area of radio...
  16. Measurements of the present radiation levels in residential areas around Chernobyl
    JAERI and RIAP concluded the ''Agreement on the Implementation of Research at the Chernobyl Center for International Research''...
  17. Information systems in Chernobyl accident after-effect elimination: On the way from youth to maturity
    10-years period of Information Systems in the Chernobyl Accident after-effects elimination (these systems we name Chernobyl Inf...
  18. Relation between natural and anthropogenic factors in the redistribution of radionuclides on the 30 km Chernobyl NPP territory, including the result of countermeasures
    Before the accident natural and anthropogenic ecosystems occupied about 90% of 30-km zone area, including 36% of forest ecosyst...
  19. Specialized ecological forestry system for the management of forests in the Chernobyl exclusion zone
    Prevention of radionuclides expansion in environment is one of the most complicated tasks in the complex of problems connected ...
  20. Radiological evaluation of an agricultural field in the Chernobyl accident area
    The vicinity of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, where happened the most serious nuclear accident seen by mankind a decade ag...
  21. Radiobiological effects in organisms of plants and animals exposed to ionizing irradiation in the Chernobyl NPP zone
    Influence of ionizing radiation on forest ecosystems most clearly revealed itself near the Chernobyl NPP (ChNPP), were magnitud...
  22. Clinical and paraclinical aspects of children's health ten years after the Chernobyl accident
    These investigations are devoted to the problem of medical consequences of Chernobyl catastrophe to the children's population o...
  23. Geographic information systems for the Chernobyl decision makers in Ukraine
    Following numerous national and international studies conducted on the overall impact of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant...
  24. Chernobyl NPP accident. Overcoming experience. Acquired lessons Avariya na Chernobyl'skoj AEhS. Opyt preodoleniya. Izvlechennye uroki
    This book is devoted to the 20 anniversary of accident on the Chernobyl NPP unit 4. History of construction, causes of the accident and its conseq...
  25. Consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Lithuania
    After the Chernobyl accident of 26 April, 1986, population dose assessment favours the view that the radiation risk of populati...
  26. Measurements of the Chernobyl accident fallout in Israel and the assessment of the radiation doses to the population
    Israel is located approximately 2000 km southeast of Chernobyl. The fallout from the accident in Chernobyl reactor no. 4 on Apr...
  27. Pseuchoneurotic disorders associated with the Chernobyl accident
    This survey relied largely on random selection. As a rule, the attention of the specialists was directed to people with certain specific complaint...
  28. Clinical state, reproductive and productive indices of cattle in the near zone of the Chernobyl NPP
    Since 1987 specialists of Scientific and Technical Centre of RIA ''Pripyat'' carry out investigations of physiological and cyto...
  29. Accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and agricultural production: Achievements and unsolved problems
    The accident at the Chernobyl NPP is the most serious one in the history of nuclear power resulting in the large-scale contamin...
  30. Problems of determining the true genetic situation in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exclusion zone
    Genetic research was carried out on the animals present close to the Chernobyl reactor at the moment of catastrophe. Two loci-t...
  31. One decade after the Chernobyl accident: Past, present and future. National report of Ukraine at the international conference on one decade after Chernobyl

  32. Papers submitted to the international forum ''one decade after Chernobyl: nuclear safety aspects''. Working material
    The objective of the forum is to review the remedial measures taken since the Chernobyl accident for improving the safety of RB...
  33. The level of 137Cs concentration in Greek soils one decade after the Chernobyl accident
    One of the most serious consequences of the Chernobyl accident was the greatest radioactive contamination of the biosphere incl...
  34. Summary report on the post-accident review meeting on the Chernobyl accident
    After an Executive Summary which gives an overview of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear reactor, the first section of the main INSAG report pr...
  35. A comparative evaluation of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident based on the internal dose of 137Cs to Japanese male adults
    The Chernobyl accident released a large quantity of radionuclides into the environment. Many measurements were carried out to a...
  36. Clinical peculiarities of the brain damage in the liquidators of the Chernobyl accident
    Investigation into the features of the brain damage by the liquidators of the Chernobyl accident has become an urgent issue of ...
  37. National Chernobyl registry of Russia: Radiation risks analysis
    Ten years have elapsed after the Chernobyl accident. The problem concerning the estimation of the total integral damage to life...
  38. One decade after Chernobyl: Environmental impact and prospects for the future. Working material
    One decade after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the levels of radioactive contamination of the affected ter...
  39. Social and economic impact of Chernobyl in Turkey
    The radiological impact of the Chernobyl accident in terms of doses to individuals in the various countries covered a wide rang...
  40. Transplantation of bone marrow in victims of the Chernobyl accident
    Bone marrow transplants were carried out in 13 patients suffering from acute irradiation sickness after the Chernobyl accident. Only blood relatio...
  41. Psychological studies of children affected by the Chernobyl accident made during their stay in Cuba
    This study evaluates the psychological, medical and social effects of the Chernobyl accident on children who live in the Cherno...
  42. Internal radiation doses of people in Finland after the Chernobyl accident
    After the reactor accident in Chernobyl radionuclides carried by airstreams reached Finland on April 27, 1986. The radioactive ...
  43. Structural-genetic approach to analysis and mapping of Chernobyl's radionuclide contamination field
    As a main tool for revealing and interpreting the internal structure of radionuclide contamination field, around the Chernobyl ...
  44. Planning of activities in the Chernobyl exclusion zone in the Ukraine

  45. Effects of the Chernobyl accident on radioactive contamination of groundwater utilized for water supply
    According to the notions of classic hydrogeology, the groundwaters of deep-laying aquifers were considered to be safely protect...
  46. Long term effects of Minks of the radiation factors from the Chernobyl accident
    The study of small radiation dose influence on human and animal reproductive functions becomes more and more topical after Cher...
  47. International Union of Radioecology response to the Chernobyl radioecological situation
    International Union of Radioecology (UIR) main objective, as NGO and international scientific association of more than 500 memb...
  48. Establishment of nuclear safety regulatory regime in Ukraine. Lessons of Chernobyl
    The issue of safety of Ukraine's Nuclear Power Plants attracts a particular attention world-wide, and the reasons for that are ...
  49. Thyroid equivalent dose for children up to five years old and adults in the Republic of Slovenia after the Chernobyl accident
    The highest concentration of '1'3'1I in fallout was measured on May 3rd, 30 MBq/m'3, then decreased to few hundred on May 15th....
  50. The fast gamma spectrometric method of the Am-241 determination in Chernobyl restricted zone soils
    The known methods of the '2'4'1Am contents determination in environmental objects, as a rule, is based on ion-chromatographic o...
  51. Main results of the ten-year studies of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident in terms of the radioactive contamination of the environment
    The paper briefly describes issues related to dispersal of radioactive contamination after the Chernobyl accident. More detaile...
  52. Changes in the dynamics of hematological indices one decade after the Chernobyl accident: Databases, mathematical modelling, medical data analysis
    The changes in dynamic of clinical and immunological indices of preleucoses and hemobastoses one decade after Chernobyl acciden...
  53. Consequences in Guatemala of the Chernobyl accident
    Because of the long distance between Guatemala and Chernobyl, the country did not undergo direct consequences of radioactive co...
  54. One decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident. Poster presentations
    The consequences attributed to the disastrous accident that occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on 26 April 1986 have...
  55. Radiobiological problems concerning grazing animals following the Chernobyl accident
    Chernobyl accident took place on April 26 1986, which was the beginning of the grazing season, when there was not enough fodder...
  56. The impact of the Chernobyl accident on the Italian population: A reassessment
    In 1987 a preliminary evaluation of the radiological impact of Chernobyl accident on Italian population was performed. This eva...
  57. Cuban studies of children from areas affected by the Chernobyl accident
    Children from areas affected by the Chernobyl accident have been receiving medical care in Cuba since 1990. The assessment of t...
  58. Radiation damage to the thyroid and metabolic changes in cattle in the initial and remote period after the Chernobyl accident
    The initial period after the Chernobyl accident was the most dangerous for animals kept in the zone of radioactive contaminatio...
  59. Assessment of radiation-induced cancer risks from the Chernobyl fallout in Finland
    Application of detailed radiation risk models to populations affected by radiation doses from the Chernobyl fallout allows fore...
  60. One decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident. Poster presentations
    The consequences attributed to the disastrous accident that occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on 26 April 1986 have...
  61. Evolution of 137Cs and 90Sr content of the main foodstuff in Bucharest area after the Chernobyl accident
    Soon after the Chernobyl accident, the radioactive cloud, carrying the nuclides released into the atmosphere, reached Romania a...
  62. Post-accident environmental radiomonitoring in the vicinity of the Chernobyl NPP
    After the Chernobyl accident, the vicinity around the fourth reactor unit, destroyed after explosion, has become the largest ou...
  63. Contamination and radiation exposure in Germany following the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    The radioactive substances released following the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant were distributed by atmospheric...
  64. Satellite communication system for emergency monitoring within the Chernobyl exclusion zone
    A Satellite Emergency Monitoring system of the Chernobyl Exclusive Zone (SEM CEZ) was designed to provide the Ukraine authoriti...
  65. The psychological effects of Chernobyl on the victims
    Social and psychological post-effects of Chernobyl disaster have turned out one of the most unpredicted unexpectedness by scale...
  66. Current status and prospects for Chernobyl Ukritiye
    Current status and prospects for Chernobyl Ukritiye (sarcophagus) are described, including the following issues: the accident; ...
  67. Social, economic and political aspects of Chernobyl in Bulgaria - One characteristic feature of the development of the radiation situation
    It is shown a characteristic feature of the progress of radiation situation in Bulgaria after the failure in Chernobyl, as this...
  68. Social, economic, institutional and political impact in Romania of the Chernobyl accident
    The Romanian society, on a whole had been profoundly impressed by the Chernobyl accident. This fact has been mainly owed to: th...
  69. Database for a systems analytical approach to studying the medical aspects of the Chernobyl accident
    The main elements of the program data base were the all-Union distribution register and the SDACHA computer system (Chernobyl accident data system...
  70. Organizational, methodological and information aspects of the mass individualdosimetric surveys carried out in contaminated areas following the Chernobyl accident
    The dosimetric surveys carried out after the Chernobyl accident relied on a preliminary evaluation of radiation conditions shortly after the explo...
  71. Chernobyl ''Sarcophagus'' safety analysis and proposals for modernization
    Safety analysis and proposals for modernization of Chernobyl ''Sarcophagus'' are presented, including the following aspects: th...
  72. Radiation safety following the Chernobyl accident
    The current status and development of the nuclear industry in Russian are intimately linked with the Chernobyl accident. The Th...
  73. Ensuring radiation safety during construction of the facility ''Ukrytie'' and restoration of unit 3 of the Chernobyl nuclear power station
    On April 26, 1986, an accident at the fourth power unit of the Chernobyl NPS (ChNPS) destroyed the reactor core and part of the...
  74. Exploitation of the radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident for political and competitive ends
    Chernobyl catastrophe due to missing information about the accident is reviewed with...
  75. Present and future environmental impact of the Chernobyl accident. Study monitored by an International Advisory Committee underthe project management of the Institut de protection et de suretenucleaire (IPSN), France
    This report presents the results of studies of the radiological and social consequences of the Chernobyl accident. The studies,...
  76. Public acceptance and assessment of countermeasures after the Chernobyl accident
    General Background. Previous studies confirmed that the main reason of the psychological stress after Chernobyl was a worry abo...
  77. The human consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear accident. A strategy for recovery. A report commissioned byUNDP and UNICEF with the support of UN-OCHA and WHO. Final - 25.01.02
    This Report contains the findings of a study conducted into the human consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear accident fifteen years after the explo...
  78. The international conference ''one decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident''
    An International Conference entitled ''One decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the consequences of the accident'' was held at th...
  79. Destructive effect of the Chernobyl accident on lifestyle and social structure
    The lifestyle and socio-economic structure of Belarus inhabitants has undergone serious changes since the Chernobyl catastrophe...
  80. Chernobyl accident causes: Overview of studies over the decade
    Ten years have passed since the accident at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl NPP and during this time its causes have been investigated ...
  81. 20 years after Chernobyl Accident. Future outlook. National Report of Ukraine
    The scale of the Chernobyl catastrophe - the most severe man made nuclear accident in the history of mankind - is well known to both scientists an...
  82. German measurements of the population dose around Chernobyl
    The reports on the consequences of the reactor accident at Chernobyl in late April 1986 have been extremely contradictory as ye...
  83. Social and psychological consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Yugoslavia
    A day before the accident in Chernobyl, Yugoslavia was the country with nuclear energy programme, one nuclear power plant and s...
  84. Transfer of caesium-137, strontium-90 and polonium-210 from soil to maize and black cabbage crops
    This report provides experimental information on the transfer of 137Cs, 85Sr and 210Po radionuclides from soil to...
  85. Forecasting and control of the migration of radionuclides upper soil layers
    On the basis of natural observations and the laboratory researches of the radionuclides Cs-137 and Sr-90 migration in peat-swam...
  86. The international Chernobyl project. Proceedings of an international conference held in Vienna, 21-24 May 1991 for presentation and discussion of the Technical Report
    This document represents a transcription and, where necessary, translation into English of the discussions that tookplace within the Internationa...
  87. Radiological consequences of a hypothetical ''roof breakdown'' accident of the Chernobyl sarcophagus
    On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety GRS performed investigations w...
  88. Problems and necessary conditions of the safe shut down and decommissioning of Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    The paper discusses the following issues: current situation in the nuclear power complex of Ukraine; Analyses of the current sa...
  89. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: Five year follow-up of cancer registry populations
    The European Childhood Leukaemia-Lymphoma Incidence Study (ECLIS) aims to monitor trends in the incidence of these diseases in ...
  90. Caesium transfer to placenta, urine and human milk
    After the Chernobyl accident few measurements on radioactive contamination of maternal milk, placenta and urine of nursing moth...
  91. Acute effects of radiation exposure following the Chernobyl accident: Immediate results of radiation sickness and outcome of treatment
    The effect of penetrating radiation evenly distributed over the whole body was the main cause of the development of general clinical syndromes typ...
  92. Medical and sanitary measures taken to deal with the consequences of the Chernobyl accident
    Work was carried out on two fronts: emergency qualified medical aid was organized for those suffering from thermalburns and radiation injuries, a...
  93. Radiological assessment of long lived radionuclides transferred through aquatic pathways
    In this study the main routes of the late Chernobyl debris from the pollution source to the Mediterranean are evaluated, in rel...
  94. Radiation monitoring of various objects as part of the Chernobyl accident management programme
    Permissible levels of radioactive contamination were based primarily on an experimentally established relationship forcontamination in the region...
  95. A consideration on internal dose evaluation and intervention based on a surface contamination concept
    Long-term radiation doses received by the inhabitants after the Chernobyl accident have been evaluated according to the surface...
  96. Risks and benefits of the interventions aimed at minimizing nuclear damage in the Chernobyl accident
    The damages that the absorption of ionizing radiation (i.r.) can cause to humans may be classified as 1) nonstochastic (somatic...
  97. Medico-demographic criteria in estimating the consequences of the Chernobyl accident
    Correct comparison of population statistics in affected and unaffected areas prior to and after the accident allows to detect a...
  98. Problems of evaluating public health after an accident at a nuclear power plant
    The Chernobylaccident caused, in addition to external exposure to radiation, inhalation and oral intake of the main dose-forming radionuclides: c...
  99. Impact of the Chernobyl fallout in the alpine environment
    In Austria the alpine regions received the highest fallout contamination, showing a very inhomogeneous spatial distribution of ...
  100. Migration behavior of released radionuclides in the river system in the exclusion zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    This work has been carried out for assessment of secondary migration of the Chernobyl-derived radionuclides through a river sys...
  101. Medical demographic consequences of the Chernobyl accident
    A demographic study was made of the population evacuated from the 30-km zone around the nuclear power plant and of thepopulation living in areas ...
  102. Comparison of the exposure doses received by the public in the Russian Federation following the atmospheric nuclear tests conducted at the testing grounds of the former USSR, and after the Chernobyl accident
    Studies of the consequences of radiation emergencies, which occurred on the territory of the Russian Federation for a variety o...
  103. Long term health effects in Sweden from the Chernobyl accident
    The morning of 28 April 1986 was the beginning of an intensive period of radiation protection work in Sweden. During that morni...
  104. Thyroid nodularity among Chernobyl clean-up workers from Lithuania
    Short communication. 7 refs, 3 figs, 2 tabs.
  105. Chernobyl fallout radionuclides in soil, plant and honey of a mountain region
    Honey bee and the products (honey, pollen, wax, propolis) are generally considered as efficient bioindicators of the environmen...
  106. Lymphocyte genome indicators in professionals and independent settlers in the Chernobyl NPP exclusion zone
    Short communication. 13 refs, 2 figs, 2 tabs.
  107. Lessons for PHWRs learned from the Chernobyl accident
    The Atomic Energy Control Board of Canada examined its criteria for licensing nuclear power plants following the accident to th...
  108. Management of radioactive waste generated by the Chernobyl accident

  109. INPP safety upgrade programme. Accomplishments and progress
    The safety upgrade programme consists of the following parts: Post Chernobyl immediate modifications undertaken to remove obvio...
  110. Analysis of methods and reconstruction of iodine doses from the Chernobyl release in Belarus
    The radiation induced pathology of the thyroid gland comprising specifically the cancer cases in children are currently recogni...
  111. Evolution of regulation related to the Chernobyl accident
    The 'classical' pattern of radiological protection considers mostly the radiation factor. The choice of protective measures is ...
  112. Immune system of Chernobyl children: Developments in understanding
    It is generally recognized that explosive increase thyroid malignancy rate among individuals who were children at the time of C...
  113. Chernobyl NPP's shelter site yesterday, today and tomorrow. Present status and prospects
    As a result of the beyond the design basis accident in Unit 4 at 1:23 a.m. on April 26, 1986, the core of the reactor and its p...
  114. Assessment of dose contribution to population exposure from the radiation sources in the alienated Chernobyl zone
    The main dose load of Ukrainian population is caused by radionuclide-contamination of country territories, located outside the...
  115. Long-term trend of radioactive contamination of food products in Bulgaria after the Chernobyl accident
    Results which characterize the dynamics for the power of radioactive contamination of foods in the Bulgaria with Cesium radionu...
  116. Blood disorders in children and adults in Belarus after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident
    In the Republic of Belarus within the framework of the National Register of Blood Disorders Programme, the WHO Pilot Project ''...
  117. Medical aspects of the Chernobyl accident
    From 11 to 13 May 1988, the All-Union Scientific Centre of Radiation Medicine convened a Conference on Medical Aspects of the Chernobyl Accident i...
  118. Dosimetric and biomedical studies conducted in Cuba of children from areas of the former USSR affected by the radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident
    Children from ares affected by the Chernobyl accident have been receiving medical care in Cuba since 1990. The dosimetric and b...
  119. The international Chernobyl project. Technical report
    This report contains the findings of the International Chernobyl Project. Separate chapters deal with the history of the accident and the Soviet e...
  120. Control of internal exposure doses of Belarus population
    Starting from May 1986 instrumental control of internal exposure is being carried out in Belarus using different equipment. In ...
  121. Dynamics of behavior of the Chernobyl radionuclides in natural environments
    If to refer air, water, soil and vegetation cover to major natural environments then a relative content of different radionucli...
  122. Radioecological of the Vardar river catchment area after the Chernobyl release
    Vardar river with its length of 301.6 km and its catchment area of 28,338 km'2 covers almost 80% of the territory of the Republ...
  123. Results of ten years study of Chernobyl NPP release fallout properties and behaviour in soils
    Radioactive contamination of territories of Ukrainian and Byelorussian Polesye as a result of ChNPP accidental release is chara...
  124. Radioactive waste management issues related to the conversion of the Chernobyl sarcophagus into an ecologically safe system
    The sarcophagus currently suffers from the extreme conditions in which it was hastily built, it may not last for 30 years, as w...
  125. Radiological situation on private farms after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    Cesium-137 concentration in the samples was measured by means of gamma-spectrometer Nokia LPA 4900 with germanium-lithium detec...
  126. Radioactive wastes management of NPP Radioaktivnye otkhody AEhS i metody obrashcheniya s nimi
    Modern knowledge in the field of radiation waste management on example of the most serious man-made accident at Chernobyl NPP are illuminated. Thi...
  127. Radiological map of Poland after the Chernobyl accident (1988-1995)
    Our investigations has been performed in the frame of Polish environmental monitoring system. At Central Laboratory for Radiolo...
  128. Radioactivity in the Romanian Black Sea sector one decade after Chernobyl
    Radioactivity monitoring in the marine environment was imposed by the increasing development of nuclear energetics and its worl...
  129. Assessment of the dynamics of the radioactivity contents in surface waters in contaminated areas
    In the connection with Chernobyl APS accident, since 1988 a network of sites was established for radioecological monitoring of ...
  130. Characteristic feature of the development of the radiation situation in Bulgaria following the Chernobyl accident

  131. The international Chernobyl project. Assessment of radiological consequences and evaluation of protective measures. An overview. Report by an International Advisory Committee.
    Mezhdunarodnyj Chernobyl'skij proekt obshchij obzor. Ehkspertiza radiologicheskikh posledstvij i otsenka zashchitnykh meropriyatij. Doklad mezhdunarodnogo konsult'tativnogo komiteta

    This Overview presents the conclusions and recommendations of the International Advisory Committee which directedthe project on the Radiological ...
  132. Prognoses of plant community changes in the territories not used for agriculture after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    Science-research in the zones of eviction in the Bragin district of the Gomel region confirms interdependence between developme...
  133. Influence of the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident on the design of a methodology for the development of an integrated accident monitoring system

  134. Possible application of fuzzy theory to the human reliability analysis of nuclear accident at Chernobyl
    There are many types of uncertainties involved in the risk assessment. However, they may be divided into two major categories; ...
  135. Radioactive pollution of the groundwater around the Chernobyl NPP
  136. Influence of the afermath of the Chernobyl accident on the design of a methodology for the development of an integrated accident monitoring system
  137. Fundamental principles for obtaining agricultural produce of standard purity inthose parts of the Russian Federation which were radioactivelycontaminated as a result of the Chernobyl accident, and the effectiveness of the measures being taken
  138. Protection of the public in a radiological emergency: International recommendations and actual practice in the USSR and Russia after the Chernobyl accident
    Whilst the basic principles for protection of the public in radiological emergency are well discussed and widely accepted, appl...
  139. Problems of predicting the radioecological and radiobiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Belarus
  140. Concept of radiological, medical and social protection of the population of Russia affected by accidental exposure
    Main principles of population radiation protection from various accidental exposure, including the Chernobyl accident, have bee...
  141. Genetic variability in plants and animals in the 30 kilometer zone at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
  142. The relative importance of internal exposure as regards the absorbed dose after the Chernobyl accident
  143. The Chernobyl radioecological consequences for the Russian Arctic
    Radioecological situation in the Western part of Nenetsk region and of region Arkhangelsk was studied in summer 1993 at zone of...
  144. Fundamental principles for obtaining agricultural produce of standard purity in those parts of the Russian Federation which were radioactively contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl accident, and the effectiveness of the measures being taken
    For the decrease in radionuclide content in agricultural products a complex of countermeasures in plant and animal production s...
  145. Comparative assessment of public health detriment from the Chernobyl accident and countermeasures
    Health detriment assessment has been made for the accident effect as well as for various countermeasures (relocation, decontami...
  146. Results of radiological studies of water and land animals in natural ecosystems following the Chernobyl accident
  147. Results and future trends of research on the Chernobyl accident clean-up programme in the Russian Federation
    The results of research relating to liquidation of consequences of ChNPP accident taking into account medical, social, agricult...
  148. Chernobyl accident consequences in Germany: Nuclear safety and radiation protection
    A working Programme of the Federal Government was initiated on 26 May 1986 to cover all aspects of nuclear safety and public he...
  149. Strategy for protecting citizens of Belarus living in areas contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl accident
  150. Epidemiological analysis of the health of the victims of the Chernobyl accident using data from the Ukraine national register
    Short communication.
  151. The health of liquidators from the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 3 tabs.
  152. Direct clinical effects on victims of the Chernobyl NPP accident
  153. Significance of severity of acute radiation syndrome in the development of encephalopathy in Chernobyl accident recovery workers and possibilities for computer modelling of special features of clinical causes of encephalopathy
    Short communication.
  154. Current problems with reconstructing the radiation doses to the ''liquidators'' of the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication.
  155. Epidemiological assessment of induced malignant neoplasms in Belarus following the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication.
  156. Increased mutation response to environmental factors in liquidators of the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 5 refs, 2 tabs.
  157. Exposure dose for persons involved in mitigating the consequences of the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 6 figs, 5 tabs.
  158. Radiation contamination after the Chernobyl nuclear accident and assessment of the risk to the population of Croatia
    Short communication.
  159. Childhood leukaemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin diseases in Eastern Romania between 1980 and 1994
    The radiation exposure of children during the first 3 years following the Chernobyl accident (May 1986 - April 1989) was expres...
  160. Ten years after Chernobyl: What do we really know? Based on the proceedings of the IAEA/WHO/EC international conference, Vienna, April 1996
    This booklet attempts briefly to bring to light what has been learned after ten years of examining the consequences of the accident, reviewing both...
  161. Evaluation of the frequency of T-cell receptor gene mutations in the victims of the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 7 refs.
  162. Epidemiological and theoretical assessments of long time medical effects in victims of the Chernobyl catastrophe
    Short communication. 4 refs.
  163. The Israeli Chernobyl health effects study (ICHES)
    Short communication. 3 figs.
  164. Dynamics of cancer incidence and mortality in the Western Bryansk regions of Russia before and after the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication.
  165. Health consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Europe outside the former USSR: A review
    Short communication.
  166. Special features of radiation effects in Chernobyl victims revealed by cytogenetic methods at different stages after the accident
    Short communication. 2 tabs.
  167. Pathogenic aspects of functional disorders of the thyroid gland in Chernobyl liquidators
    Short communication. 6 refs, 2 tabs.
  168. Dosimetric estimation of childhood thyroid cancer cases in Russia after the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication.
  169. Medical consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Armenian emergency workers - Ten years of observations
    Short communication.
  170. Preparation of an all-union distribution register of persons exposed to the effects of radiation as a result of the Chernobyl accident, with a view to evaluating exposure doses and making a long term public health forecast
    The all-Union distribution register is a multilevel information and control system covering almost all parts of the country. This register is to b...
  171. The Chernobyl experience in the context of contemporary radiation protection problems
    Mean individual exposure doses to critical population groups living in the regions under strict control did not exceed the established temporary d...
  172. Theory and practice of establishing radiation standards before and after the Chernobyl accident
    If the external gamma dose to the whole body or exposure of the thyroid gland does not exceed 0.25 Gy, there is no need to adopt emergency measure...
  173. Radioactive contamination of water ecosystems and sources of drinking water
    The contribution of aqueous components to the individual and collective doses received by the population as a result of the accident at Chernobyl ...
  174. Intake of radionuclides through food chains as a factor in the exposure of the Soviet population after the Chernobyl accident
    In the first few days after the accident, a standard (of 1x10'-'7 Ci/L) was established for the concentration of iodine in milk, calculated to ens...
  175. Protective measures to reduce population exposure doses and effectiveness of these measures
    Basic measures to protect the population from radiation after the Chernobyl accident included: (i) monitoring of radiation conditions and exposure...
  176. Monitoring of internal exposure of the population in regions close to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    In the first month and a half after the accident, the dose burden on the population was determined by radioactive iodine deposited in the thyroid ...
  177. Long term prognosis of individual and collective exposure doses to the population
    For the purpose of evaluating the long-term consequences of radiation contamination following the Chernobyl accident, it was decided to divide the...
  178. Rehabilitation of victims of acute radiation sickness
    Two hundred and nine victims of acute radiation sickness following the Chernobyl accident are under observation (first degree - 134, second degree...
  179. State of the pituitary and thyroid system in children at various times after exposure to radiation as a result of the Chernobyl accident
    A clinical/laboratory examination was made of children from the age of 1-14 years from the area of high radiation. The examination was carried out...
  180. Sanitary and health measures taken to deal with the consequences of the Chernobyl accident
    By the end of the first year after the accident, more than 20 million gamma background measurements had been made at population centres; 500,000 s...
  181. The international Chernobyl project. Assessment of radiological consequences and evaluation of protective measures
    This Overview presents the conclusions and recommendations of the International Advisory Committee which directed the project o...
  182. The Chernobyl accident: Updating of INSAG-1. INSAG-7
    Since the 1986 Vienna Conference, a considerable amount of additional analytical work has been carried out by expert groups throughout the world o...
  183. Safety improvement of Russian WWER plants
    Among the short-term WWER safety improvements effected after the Chernobyl accident, the following should be noted: Additional ...
  184. Implementation of post-Chernobyl first-priority safety improvement measures at the Leningrad NPP
    After the severe accident at Chernobyl Unit 4 and in order to ensure RBMK-1000 safe operation, a set of measures was worked out...
  185. Upgrading safety of NPPs with RBMK-1000 reactors by implementation of the first priority measures and activities
    After the accident at the Chernobyl Unit 4 reactor, extensive debates were in place about the future of nuclear power industry,...
  186. Chernobyl Sarcophagus: Safety problems
    At the final moment of the object's ''Shelter'' building informationabout the place and state of nuclear fuel was limited by t...
  187. The nuclear safety account and the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
    In 1993, the G-7 officially proposed that the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development set up the Nuclear Safety Accoun...
  188. Emergency preparedness and response
    After the Chernobyl accident, it became painfully obvious to the international community that there was an urgent need to estab...
  189. Study of thyroid disorders in two Lithuanian regions with different degrees of exposure to radioiodine fallout after the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 6 refs, 2 figs, 1 tab.
  190. Elevated TSH in children who emigrated to Israel from Belarus and the Ukraine near Chernobyl
    Short communication. 9 refs.
  191. Irradiation of population in the Republic of Serbia after the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 4 refs, 1 fig., 3 tabs.
  192. Immunological and epidemiological investigations in regions contaminated by radionuclides after the Chernobyl accident
    We have carried out in Novozybkov district of Bryansk region, Russia, immunologic inspection of residents with simultaneous eva...
  193. Leucocyte markers in the children of Ukraine affected by the accident at Chernobyl
    Short communication.
  194. Predicted health effects in Bulgaria from the Chernobyl NPP accident: Objective assessments and public reactions
    Short communication. 4 refs, 7 tabs.
  195. Assessment of 90Sr and 137Cs activity concentration in human tissues in Hungary following the Chernobyl accident
    Artificial radioisotope contamination of tissue samples of Hungarian citizens has been regularly monitored by our Institute sin...
  196. Dynamics of the state of health of pregnant women and newborn babies following the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident
    Short communication. 3 figs.
  197. Distribution of individual doses in the most heavily contaminated areas in Russia following the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 4 figs.
  198. Leukosis diseases in territories with different levels of radionuclide contamination after their Chernobyl accident
    Short communication.
  199. Hospitalization patterns of immigrants from the Chernobyl area in Israel
    Short communication.
  200. Environmental effects on child health in Ukraine (ten years after the Chernobyl accident)
    Short communication.
  201. Doses to different groups of the population in Turkey after the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 2 refs, 4 tabs.
  202. State of health of the Chernobyl accident clean-up personnel, the population of contaminated areas and persons involved in nuclear weapons testing
    Short communication.
  203. The Chernobyl accident: Thyroid exposure among the population due to radioiodine
    Different aspects of internal and external exposure to thyroid of inhabitants from the contaminated areas of Belarus, Russia, a...
  204. Radioecological aspects of the rehabilitation of land contaminated by radionuclides following the Chernobyl accident
    One of the important approaches while remediation of the areas contaminated with radionuclides is the radioecological predictio...
  205. Malignant neoplasm of the thyroid in children and in adults on the territories affected by the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication. 4 refs, 1 fig., 5 tabs.
  206. Chernobyl hot particles in the lungs of personnel involved in the post-accident clean-up actions and of inhabitants of the contaminated Ukrainian andBelarus territories
    The investigation of the body content by direct or indirect methods permits to determine the amount of the radioactivity inhale...
  207. Role of radioecological education in the socio-psychological rehabilitation of the population of Belarus affected by the Chernobyl accident
    Short communication.
  208. Psychological consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Belarus
    Short communication.
  209. Socio-psychological effects of the Chernobyl accident on the population of Belarus and mitigation of those effects
    Short communication.
  210. Risk assessment after the Chernobyl accident in Romania
    Short communication. 5 refs, 3 tabs.
  211. Long term follow-up of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident in Slovenia
    Short communication. 3 refs, 1 fig., 3 tabs.
  212. Cancer risk due to Cs-137 and Sr-90 dietary intake after the Chernobyl accident
    The most important radionuclides carried by the radioactive plume over Romania were I'1'3'1, Cs'1'3'4, Cs'1'3'7 and Sr'9'0. As ...
  213. Methods for retrospective determination of absorbed doses in the human body resulting from external and internal exposure
    In order to estimate the absorbed dose to surface tissues in people working in a contaminated area, a calculation method has been developed based ...
  214. Economic, social and political consequences in Western Europe
    There have been and remain tremendous psychosocial and economic effects effects of the accident. In particular in the western p...
  215. Reproductive state of health as a criterion for deterministic effects of low radiation doses
    Changes of such indicators of reproductive health like stillbirth, neonates sick rate, frequency of genetic malformations, neon...
  216. Study of the art as a new way to measure nuclear public option
    In the recent last years, it became increasingly evident that people must learn more about the atom and radiation, in order to ...
  217. Radiation ecology situation in the 30 km zone in Belarus
    Radiation ecology situation in the 30km zone in Belarus is described, including measures directed on remediation actions implem...
  218. Technology of long-term localization of soils contaminated with radioactive and high-toxic substances
    The world experience shows that great process accidents lead to hundreds of thousands hectares of surface contamination with hi...
  219. Honey-dew honey as a long term indicator of 137Cs pollution
    '1'3'7Cs, produced as a by-product of the atmospheric testing of thermonuclear weapons during the period extending from the 195...
  220. Theoretical survey of experimental research into radionuclide migration in soils in the accident zone with a view to predicting and controlling the process
    The investigation analysis carried out at stationary observation point nets on the radionuclide migration ability shows that th...
  221. Far field nuclear fallout experience and countermeasure strategy: A cost-benefit re-appraisal
    The time of the year (April, May) when the fallout occurred, had influence on the consequences. In spring no animals were out g...
  222. Methods of evaluating the potential for rehabilitation of land posing a radiation hazard and its return to agricultural use
  223. Clinico-morphological comparisons in ultrasound diagnosis of carcinoma of the thyroid in children exposed to radiation
    The purpose of the study was to compare morphologic and ultrasonic pictures of the thyroid. The study included 42 children with...
  224. Collection of regulations, methodical, administrative documents of the Republic of Belarus in field of radiation monitoring and protection 4. ed. Sbornik normativnykh, metodicheskikh, organizatsionno-rasporyaditel'nykhdokumentov Respubliki Belarus' v oblasti radiatsionnogo kontrolya i bezopasnosti
    The collection contents regulations, methodical, administrative documents of the Republic of Belarus in field of radiation monitoring and protecti...
  225. Prediction of radionuclide migration in the Pripyat river and Dnieper reservoirs and decision support of water protection measures on the basis of mathematical modelling
    Since May 1986 in Kiev in the Institute of Mathematical Machines and System Problems, Cybernetics Center of the National Academ...
  226. Radionuclide migration processes in the rivers of the Dnepr-Sozh Basin in Belarus
  227. Guidelines for agricultural countermeasures following an accidental release of radionuclides
    The Chernobyl accident in 1986 caused significant radioactive contamination of theenvironment over widely separated areas, some relatively remote...
  228. The use of Prussian Blue to reduce radiocaesium contamination of milk and meat produced on territories affected by the Chernobyl accident. Report of United Nations Project E11
    Within the framework of a collaborative project investigations were conducted between 1990 and 1995 to evaluate the use in catt...
  229. Testing of environmental transfer models using Chernobyl fallout data from the Iput River catchment area, Bryansk Region, Russian Federation. Report of the Dose Reconstruction Working Group ofBIOMASS Theme 2. Part of the IAEA Co-ordinated Research Project on Biosphere Modelling and Assessment (BIOMASS)
    The IAEA Programme on BIOsphere Modelling and ASSessment (BIOMASS) was launched in Vienna in October 1996. The programme was co...
  230. Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. UNSCEAR 2000 report to the General Assembly, with scientific annexes. Volume I: Sources
    Over the past few years the United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of Atomic Radiation has undertaken a broad revie...
  231. Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. UNSCEAR 2000 report to the General Assembly, with scientific annexes. Volume II: Effects
    Over the past few years the United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of Atomic Radiation has undertaken a broad revie...
  232. Protection of health during a large scale accident
    The general principles applied in planning measures to protect the population covered four periods: (1) the 24 hours following the accident; (2) 2...
  233. Predictive models for practical use in aquatic radioecology
    A given fallout of radiocaesium will be distributed and taken up by biota differently in various types of lakes. Thus, lakes ha...
  234. Sanitary-dosimetric monitoring of food products
    Most of the monitoring measures implemented in the regions of greatest radioactive contamination were carried out for meat and milk products (36%)...
  235. Characteristics of radionuclide intake by inhalation
    Internal exposure of all organs other than bone tissue by inhalation of a mixture of radionuclides virtually ceased bythe end of the first year a...
  236. Dynamics of gamma radiation levels and formation of external exposure dose
    From the first day after the accident, gamma radiation fields throughout the country were systematically observed and data collected and analysed....
  237. Methodological principles for calculating levels of external and internal exposure of the population used in taking strategic decisions
    The significance of each of the factors involved in internal and external exposure of the population can vary considerably as a function of the sp...
  238. Modelling of radionuclide transport in forests: Review and future perspectives
    Ecological modeling is a powerful tool which can be used to synthesize information on the dynamic processes which occur in ecos...
  239. Perception of risk and the future of nuclear power
    Scientists and policy makers were slow to recognize the importance of public attitudes and perceptions in shaping the fate of nuclear power. In 19...
  240. Personnel protection during a reactor accident
    In organizing individual protection and the provision of protective clothing and equipment for accident teams,particular attention must be paid t...
  241. The classification of Ukrainian soil systems on the basis of transfer factors of radionuclides from soils to reference plants
    Transfer factors (TFs) for 137 Cs and 90Sr from soil to plants were measured for oats potatoes and beetroot at three sites c...
  242. Sweden-Lithuania bilateral cooperation in nuclear safety
    This cooperation started in early 1992 shortly after Lithuania became a newly independent republic. The results from the bilate...
  243. Principles of the structure-metabolism model for calculating the internal exposure of thyroid irradiated by iodine radioisotopes
    Short communication.
  244. Hypophysis-thyroid system and metabolism in children and adolescents residing in the territories of Belarus contaminated with radionuclides
    The results of complex investigation (1990-1995) of the functional state of the hypophysis-thyroid system and metabolism in chi...
  245. Ecological and eco-physiological approach to establishing radiation exposure standards
    The elements of radiation ecology and ecological physiology have been applied to work out methodology of assessment of radiatio...
  246. Health condition of children irradiated in utero
    Among the children exposed to ionizing radiation, the ones irradiated in utero constitute a group under special surveillance. T...
  247. Migration of radionuclides in Belarus and prognosis for the future
  248. Risk of oncological disease among the liquidators
    Short communication. 1 ref., 3 tabs.
  249. Effect of long-term low dose irradiation on pathology and some metabolicmechanisms of urological inflammatory diseases in patients from radiocontaminated areas of Ukraine
    Short communication.
  250. Preventative anticarcinogenic treatment using antioxidant immunoprotective preparations
    Short communication. 4 refs, 4 figs.
  251. Delayed mobilisation of Sr-90 associated with fuel particles
  252. The problem of radioactive contamination inhomogeneity and simulation of the transport of radionuclides through agroecosystems
    The analyses of the measurement data on the territory of the Ukrainian Polesie region carried out by the Research Centre Juelic...
  253. In situ gamma spectrometry measurements in Hungary during the period of 1987-1995
  254. Medical care during the radiation accident (137Cs) in Brazil, 1987
    The report describes the activities of diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of overexposed individuals during the radiological accident of Goiania i...
  255. Safety of RBMK reactors: Major results and prospects
    The paper considers the following issues: basic reasons for the advent of NPPs with RBMK reactors; the logic of identifying top...
  256. Improvement of Safety of NPP's with RBMK-1000 reactors by technical upgrading and modifications
    The process of improvement of safety of NPP's with RBMK-1000 reactors by technical upgrading and modifications is described, in...
  257. Safety upgrade at the Leningrad NPP
    The LNPP was developed according to the standards of early 70's but, at the same time, during the whole period of operation, th...
  258. Bilateral programmes of cooperation in the safety review and enhancement of the operating NPPs with RBMK reactors
    International cooperation in the safety review and enhancement of the operating NPPs with RBMK reactors is realized both within...
  259. Safety of RBMK reactors: Setting the technical framework
    This article reviews major efforts for improving the safety of RBMK reactors through a co-operative IAEA programme initiated in...
  260. Upgrading of RBMK reactors: Safety enhancement measures
    The findings made by the Commission served as the grounds for investigated accident a first list of obligatory measures to be t...
  261. Nuclear emergency preparedness in the Netherlands
    The Dutch organisation for nuclear emergency management has been described in previous papers. Briefly, the Ministry of Housing...
  262. Socio-psychological consequences of radiation accidents for those living in radioactively contaminated areas
    Short communication. 7 tabs.
  263. Organization and planning of work involved in the long term clinical observation of children with a high radiation risk
    Operation of the register involves analysing the basic parameters characterizing the health of children, carrying out epidemiological studies on v...
  264. Iodine prophylaxis in cases of radiation accidents: Preparedness in Bulgaria
    Short communication. 1 ref., 4 tabs.
  265. Thyroid cancer in Belarus
    Short communication.