International Atomic Energy Agency
(Unofficial electronic edition)
7 June 1996
The International Conference "One Decade After Chernobyl: Summing
up the Consequences of the Accident"
- An International Conference entitled "One decade after Chernobyl: Summing up the
consequences of the accident" was held at the Austria Center Vienna from 8 to 12 April
aim being to seek a common and conclusive understanding of the nature and magnitude of the
consequences of the Chernobyl accident. It was sponsored by the European Commission
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) - in
co-operation with the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs (UNDHA), the
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations
Environment Programme, the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic
Radiation (UNSCEAR), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
- The Conference was attended by 845 participants and observers from 71 countries and
organizations and covered by 208 journalists from 31 countries and two organizations.
- The Conference took into account the findings of, inter alia, the WHO Conference on the
Health Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident and other Radiological Accidents held in
from 20 to 23 November 1995 and the First International Conference of the European Union,
Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident
in Minsk from 18 to 22 March 1996 and of a preceding International Forum "One decade
Chernobyl: Nuclear safety aspects" sponsored by the IAEA and UNDHA and held in Vienna
1 to 3 April 1996.
- The Conference was based on a multi-tier approach, with
- an Opening Session;
- a Briefing Seminar at which the results of the Chernobyl-related activities of the
sponsoring and co-operating organizations and those of major bilateral Chernobyl-
related projects were summarized;
- a Technical Symposium consisting of eight Topical
two Poster Sessions,
a Technical Exhibition and a Concluding Session;
- a Panel Discussion concerning the public's perception of the Chernobyl accident;
- a Closing Session.
- The Conference was presided over by Ms. A. Merkel, Germany's Federal Minister for
Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.
- The Panel Discussion was presided over by Ms. C. Lepage, France's Minister for the
- The President of the Conference was assisted by Mr. A. Birkhofer, Managing Director of
Germany's Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (Institute for Reactor
A. Kaul, President of Germany's Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz (Federal Office for
Protection) and by a Bureau consisting of: Mr. F. Mettler, Chairman of the Department of
Radiology at the University of New Mexico, United States of America, and the United States
delegate to UNSCEAR; Mr. I. Shigematsu, Director of the Radiation Effects Research
Hiroshima, Japan; and Mr. P. Vesseron, Director of France's Institut de Protection et de
- The organization and progress of the Conference were monitored by an Advisory
consisting of Mr. I. Rolevich, Belarus's First Deputy Minister for Emergencies and for
of the Population from the Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe, Mr. L. Ilyin of the
Federation's Academy of Medical Sciences and Mr. V. Kholosha, Ukraine's Minister for
of the Population from the Consequences of the Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power
- At the Opening Session, the keynote address was given by the Conference President
following addresses by the IAEA's Director General, Mr. H. Blix, WHO's Director-General,
H. Nakajima, the EC's Deputy Director General for Scientific Research and Development, Mr.
Tent, and the Director of the United Nations Department for Humanitarian Affairs, Mr. M.
- National statements were made by the President of Belarus, Mr. A. Lukashenko, the
Federation's Minister for Civil Defence, Emergencies and the Elimination of Consequences of
Natural Disasters, Mr. S. Shoigu, and the Prime Minister of Ukraine, Mr. Ye. Marchuk.
- At the Briefing Seminar, Updating Reports were presented on: the International
Project2 and the recent IAEA project "One decade
after Chernobyl: Environmental impact
assessment"3; the WHO Conference on the Health
Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident
other Radiological Accidents; the First International Conference of the European Union,
the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident; the
Chernobyl-related activities of UNESCO, UNSCEAR, FAO and NEA/OECD; and major
of Germany, Japan and the United States of America implemented in collaboration with
the Russian Federation and Ukraine.
- During the Technical Symposium, background papers were presented by Rapporteurs at
beginning of the Topical Sessions as a means of stimulating free, open discussion among the
Conference participants4, 181 detailed papers were
displayed at the Poster Sessions and 12
were presented in the Technical Exhibition.
- The exhibits were presented by: Cuba ("Cuban studies of children from areas affected
the Chernobyl accident"); the EC (on the Group of 24's Nuclear Safety Assistance
NUSAC - programme); the EC and the Commonwealth of Independent States (on their joint
Chernobyl research programme); Germany's Gesellschaft für Reaktorsicherheit (GRS),
France's Institut de Protection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IPSN) and the
Research Centre - Kurchatov Institute (RRK-KI); the IAEA's Laboratories at Seibersdorf,
the IAEA's International Nuclear Information System (INIS); NEA/OECD; the Russian
Ukraine; UNESCO; WHO; and WHO and the European Centre for Environment and Health,
- The contents of the papers and the technical exhibits and the outcome of related
were summarized for each topic by the Chairperson of the relevant Topical Session, the
being submitted to the President and her assistants, the Bureau, the Advisory Committee and
Joint Secretariat of the sponsoring organizations for the preparation of the Conclusions of the
- The Conclusions of the Conference were presented at the Closing Session. In addition,
A. Kaul, one of the Conference President's assistants, submitted the Conclusions at the 1996
International Congress on Radiation Protection (IRPA9), which was held by the International
Radiation Protection Association (IRPA) at Vienna's Hofburg Conference Centre from 15 to
19 April 1996.
- The summary of the Conference results, which was formulated by the President and her
assistants, the Bureau, the Advisory Committee and the Joint Secretariat of the sponsoring
organizations, is contained in the Attachment to this document. The full Proceedings of the
Conference will be available later in the year.
1 The Topical Sessions dealth with: (i) Clinically
observed effects; (ii) Thyroid effects; (iii) Longer-term health effects; (iv) Other health-
related effects: psychological consequences, stress, anxiety; (v) Consequences for the
environment; (vi) Social, economic, institutional and political impact; (vii) Nuclear safety
remedial measures; and (viii) The consequences in perspective: Prognosis for the future.
2 The IAEA published the results of the
International Chernobyl Project in 1991 as an Overview
(STI/PUB/884), a Technical Report
(STI/PUB/885) and a set of surface
contamination maps (STI/PUB/886). It
also published in
1991 the proceedings of the conference at which the results were examined
3 The project "One decade after Chernobyl:
Environmental Impact Assessment" was initiated pursuant to a request made by the Delegate
of Belarus at the 1994 session of the IAEA's General Conference (see para. 134 of IAEA
document GC(XXXVIII)/OR.7) and carried out with the support of scientific institutions in
Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine and of France's Institut de Protections et de
4 Copies of the background papers, which were
provided to the Conference participants and to the Permanent Missions of IAEA Member
States, will continue to be made available (on request) by the IAEA's Division of Radiation
and Waste Safety and will be included in the proceedings of the Conference to be published
later this year.