• The NPT, under which most safeguards agreements with the IAEA are concluded, is indefinitely
    extended in May at the Review and Extension Conference in New York. Although Parties do not
    agree on a Final Declaration, they adopt a set of principles, including steps for action.
  • The IAEA officially launches its public website, called World Atom, the forerunner of today’s
    award-winning IAEA.org
  • The IAEA Board approves certain measures to strengthen safeguards under the “93+2” programme, including broader inspector rights of access. 
  • Shortly after the NPT Conference, China conducts a nuclear test, and France, in line with
    its stated intention to sign the test ban treaty, announces its “final” series of nuclear tests in
    the South Pacific.  IAEA Member States express grave concern at resumption of testing. 
    France asks the Agency to conduct a radiological study of the Mururoa and Fangataufa atolls
    once the tests have been completed.
  • New disclosures emerge concerning Iraq’s former secret nuclear programme, following
    information provided by a high-level defector, Iraqi Gen. Hussein Kamel. Revelations include
    that Iraq had embarked on a “crash” nuclear-weapon programme in 1990-91 but that plans
    were thwarted for technical and other reasons. Withheld documents and data are received
    by IAEA Iraq inspectors for examination.
  • The IAEA agrees to the radiological study of the Mururoa and Fangataufa atolls. 
    The Marshall Islands asks the IAEA to review the radiological conditions at Bikini Atoll, former site
    of nuclear testing by the USA. 
  • New nuclear-weapon-free-zone treaties take shape in Africa (the Pelindaba Treaty), and in
    Southeast Asia (the Bangkok Treaty).
  • The scientific world marks the 100th anniversary of the discovery of X rays
    on 28 December 1895 by German scientist Wilhelm Roentgen.

  View video of the Radiological Situation at
the Atolls of Mururoa and Fangataufa
Mururoa and Fangataufa