UN Conference on Disarmament takes steps to negotiate a Comprehensive Nuclear
Test Ban Treaty.
IAEA completes a preliminary radiological
assessment of the Semipalatinsk
nuclear test site in Kazakhstan,
urging more studies on levels of plutonium in soil and of radionuclides
in drinking water.
February, the IAEA supervises the shipment
from Iraq of the final consignment of spent fuel,
which is sent to
Russia under contract. The operation removes all declared nuclear-weapons-grade
from Iraq; the
IAEA’s work continues under a long-term plan for monitoring
and verification of
Iraq’s nuclear activities.
- A ban
on sea dumping of radioactive wastes at sea takes effect under
the London Dumping Convention.
- A quadripartite
safeguards agreement enters into force, under which Argentina and
Brazil accept comprehensive IAEA safeguards on all their nuclear activities.
- The DPRK announces
its withdrawal from the IAEA; its safeguards agreement with Agency
- In October, the USA and North Korea conclude an “agreed
framework” for nuclear development and safeguards.
in June adopt the international Convention
on Nuclear Safety, which is the first global legal
instrument that binds countries to basic safety standards for land-based
nuclear power plants.
Work begins on an international convention
on the safety
of radioactive waste management
and spent fuel.
November, the IAEA brings together governmental experts on issues
trafficking in nuclear materials, in response to growing concerns