• The UN Conference on Disarmament takes steps to negotiate a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
  • The IAEA completes a preliminary radiological assessment of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in Kazakhstan, urging more studies on levels of plutonium in soil and of radionuclides in drinking water.
  • In February, the IAEA supervises the shipment from Iraq of the final consignment of spent fuel,
    which is sent to Russia under contract. The operation removes all declared nuclear-weapons-grade
    materials from Iraq; the IAEA’s work continues under a long-term plan for monitoring and verification of
    Iraq’s nuclear activities.
  • A ban on sea dumping of radioactive wastes at sea takes effect under the London Dumping Convention.
  • A quadripartite safeguards agreement enters into force, under which Argentina and Brazil accept comprehensive IAEA safeguards on all their nuclear activities.
  • The DPRK announces its withdrawal from the IAEA; its safeguards agreement with Agency
    remains in force.
  • In October, the USA and North Korea conclude an “agreed framework” for nuclear development and safeguards.
  • States in June adopt the international Convention on Nuclear Safety, which is the first global legal instrument that binds countries to basic safety standards for land-based nuclear power plants.
    Work begins on an international convention on the safety of radioactive waste management
    and spent fuel.
  • In November, the IAEA brings together governmental experts on issues of illicit trafficking in nuclear materials, in response to growing concerns over reports.
    Iraq inspectors