• China and France, both nuclear-weapon States, announce intention to sign the NPT.
  • UN coalition of States militarily moves against Iraq to enforce UN Security Council resolutions
    demanding Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait, which it invaded in August 1990.
  • In April, as part of ceasefire terms of the Gulf War, inspections are required for weapons-of-mass destruction.  A UN Special Commission is formed and the IAEA is granted wide authority for
    nuclear inspections in Iraq, which begin in May.
  • In September, international headlines are made by sixth IAEA inspection team, which is
    detained for four days by Iraqi authorities. Security Council is engaged to resolve dispute and team subsequently leaves with evidence of a clandestine Iraqi programme for the enrichment of uranium, including global procurement efforts.
  • Results of the International Chernobyl Project are reported that assess the radiological situation
    in 2225 settlements in three republics (Belarus, Russia, Ukraine), covering about 825,000 people.
  • In June, an IAEA project on the safety of older Soviet-designed nuclear plants in Bulgaria,
    Czech Republic, Slovakia and Russia reports serious safety deficiencies at most plants
    compared to Western levels. Assistance is expanded through the Commission of the European Communities, World Association of Nuclear Operators, and other avenues.
  • In December, USSR officially dissolves; Commonwealth of Independent States is announced.

     
  View "Mission Iraq", a documentary
showing the IAEA inspectors at work in Iraq in the 1990s.
iraq-mission