May, India conducts what it describes as a “peaceful” nuclear explosion.
- The USA moves to reinforce the
non-proliferation regime and policy on nuclear exports,
a process leading to review of nuclear fuel cycles
from the standpoint of proliferation risks
they may pose.
- The IAEA begins studying the possibility of regional nuclear fuel cycle centres for reprocessing
nuclear fuel and for waste management.
IAEA inaugurates its Nuclear Safety Standards Programme (NUSS) to develop
and guides that would be revised over time for nuclear power plant
safety in design,
construction, operation and other areas.