• The IAEA officially comes into existence 29 July, the day when the required number of Member States ratify the Statute.
  • In October, delegates from 59 States attend the first General Conference of the IAEA in Vienna, Austria.
  • The IAEA's first Board of Governors includes 23 Member States: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Pakistan, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Turkey, Union of South Africa, USSR, United Arab Republic (Egypt), United Kingdom, and USA.
  • In France, countries agree to set up the European Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation (today the NEA of the OECD).
  • Six European countries sign the "Rome treaties" establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the Common Market.
  • The Soviet Union announces the launching of the first satellite into outer space, the unmanned Sputnik-I.
  Sputnik was about the size of a basketball,
and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth.